The laws of thermodynamics -A closed system does not exchange energy with is surroundings whereas an open system can exchange energy with its surroundings. -First law of thermodynamics: energy cannot be created or destroyed, although it can be transferred or converted from one form to another, including conversions between matter and energy. -Second law of thermodynamics: When energy is converted from one form to another, some usable energy-that is, energy available to do work-is converted into heat that disperses into the surroundings. Do the laws of thermodynamics apply to an open system? Yes What is the relationship between the first law of thermodynamics and the second law of thermodynamics?